A Brilliant Idea
The idea of establishing ITS raised by Ir. Soendjasmono at the Conference of Indonesian Engineers Association (Persatuan Insinyur Indonesia – PII) in Bogor (1954). At this conference, Ir. Soendjasmono who was the PII’s representative of East Java raised the idea for establishing a higher education institution in engineering in East Java. The rationale of this initiative was built on the consideration there were approximately 60 engineers in East Java, but there was no higher education institution in engineering at that region. However, at that time, this idea has not been decided yet because it required a consolidation among two existing technical institutions in Bandung and Jogjakarta.
Some reasons underlying the establishment of a higher education institution in engineering in East Java were:
- Indonesia has large land and abundant natural resources but they have not been fully utilized.
- The need for engineers is about 7,000 to carry out the development programs of domestic industries.
- Compared to some developed and developing countries, the number of engineers in Indonesia was far behind those countries.
The forerunner of ITS
Ir. Soendjasmono’s idea to establish Technical Institution in East Java was mentioned when PII’s East Java branch held the first Lustrum. Moreover, dr. Angka Nitisastro (as a general practitioner) together with the engineers who joined in the PII’s East Java branch decided to realize Ir. Soendjasmono’s idea.
The first step was undertaken by establishing Technical Institution Foundation (YPTT-Yayasan Perguruan Tinggi Teknik) on August 17th, 1957. The Foundation was formed as a place to contemplate further actions and to discuss a decision-making regarding establishment of Technical Institution in Surabaya.
In addition, on November 10th, 1957, YPTT established “Perguruan Tinggi Teknik 10 Nopember Surabaya”, which was inaugurated by Ir. Soekarno (President of Indonesia at that time). Inauguration of this institution was marked by the President of RI signed on the Certificate of Perguruan Tinggi Teknik 10 Nopember Surabaya. At that time, this institution merely has two majors, namely: Department of Civil Engineering and Department of Mechanical Engineering.
ITS officially established
After several years and through the YPTT’s efforts, on November 3rd, 1960, “Perguruan Tinggi Teknik 10 Nopember Surabaya” changed to “Institut Teknologi 10 Nopember” with the status of a State University based on Decree of the Minister of Education and Culture No. 93367/UU.
After changing the name, Institut Teknologi 10 Nopember has five departments namely: Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering and Chemical Engineering.
Furthermore, on December 3rd, 1960, Institut Teknologi 10 Nopember changed to Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS).
The first Dies Natalis of ITS
Five departments organized by Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS): Department of Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering and Chemical Engineering transformed into Faculty of Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering and Chemical Engineering.
Based on Government Regulation No. 9 year of 1961 (adopted later on March 23rd, 1961) it was stipulated that the first Dies Natalis of ITS was November 10th, 1960.
1965 – 1982
The development of ITS
Having previously five faculties, then based on Ministerial Decree No. 72 year of 1965, ITS opened two new faculties namely: Faculty of Architecture and Faculty of Science and Natural Science. Since then ITS has 7 faculties with locations scattered in several places: Jl. Simpang Dukuh 11, Jl. Ketabang Kali 2F, Jl. Baliwerti 119-121, Jl. Basuki Rahmat 84 as ITS head office.
In order to anticipate further developments and to unite the separate places, the YPTT’s figures along with the Regent of Surabaya at that time was Raden Soekarso looked for a new location for constructing the ITS Campus in Sukolilo area (Keputih) with a total land area of 172 hectare.
In 1972, the Faculty of Civil Engineering moved to Jl. Manyar 8 so that the location of ITS Campus increasingly scattered.
In 1973, a long-term development plan (for 20 years) was developed as a guide for developing ITS in the future. The ITS development plan attracted the attention of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) that then offered a loan of USD 25 million for the development of four faculties: Faculty of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Faculty of Chemical Engineering.
Faculty of Architecture Engineering moved to a new campus on Jl. Cokroaminoto 12A Surabaya. ITS’ headquarter also moved to the same address.
Funds from ADB are partly used to build the ITS Campus in Sukolilo for the four faculties mentioned above. In 1981, the construction of ITS Campus in Sukolilo was partially completed. The construction of ITS Campus in Sukolilo phase I can be completed and inaugurated on March 27th, 1982.
Starting point of Seatrans
The importance of maritime sector for Indonesian nation has been realized by the founding fathers of ITS. This was evidenced by opening the Faculty of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering at the beginning of the establishment of ITS in 1960 together with the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Faculty of Chemical Engineering, eventhough there were two faculties that have been there before: the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. Since then, Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering at ITS has also colored the maritime industry development in Indonesia.
Due to updating requirement and regulation on maritime industry, the Faculty of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering changed to Faculty of Marine Technology consisting of three departments namely Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering, Department of Marine Engineering (1982) and Department of Ocean Engineering (1983).
In 1992, Ir. Tri Achmadi, Ph.D (one of lecturers at the Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering), returned to ITS after accomplishing his doctoral program at Newcastle Upon Tyne University – UK. He proposed to open a new field of study in Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering ITS. Field of study or field of expertise that existed in the Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering were Ship Construction and Strength, Ship Hydrodynamics, Ship Design and Ship Production.
However, the idea to open a new field of study, namely Marine Transportation under the Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering has not been realized yet because of the lack of number of lecturers who have similar interests and also due to the limited of department facilities. Therefore, to introduce the field of marine transportation expertise to the students as well as lecturers in the Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering, the new laboratory was opened namely “Ship Design and Marine Transportation Laboratory”, the head of this laboratory was Ir. Setijo Prajudo, M.SE. (one of the lecturers at Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering who also interested in the field of marine transportation) and the member of this laboratory was Ir. Tri Achmadi, Ph.D. At that time, the introduction on the field of marine transportation was conducted by offering an elective course “Marine Transportation System”.
Marine Transportation as a field of study
After introducing marine transportation field in 1992, the student’s enthusiasm in this field increased significantly. In addition, the number of lecturers who had interested in this field also rise. Based on these conditions and also the high demand of graduate users, the Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering (under the leadership of Ir. Triwilaswandio Wuruk Pribadi, M.Sc.) opened a new field of study namely Marine Transportation.
Recognizing the high demand for engineers who had special competence in the field of marine transportation, thus the management of marine transportation was slightly different from other fields at the Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering. With these considerations, the Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering decided to submit a proposal for the establishment of a new Department of Marine Transportation.
One of the requirements for a field of study could stand independently as a department was to have a graduate. Therefore, Marine Transportation developed a separate curriculum from the Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering curriculum as a preparation for being an independent department. During the preparation of the curriculum of 2004-2009, the Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering applied two curricula: curriculum for the field of ship construction and strength, ship hydrodynamics and ship production as well as the curriculum for marine transportation.
The application of two curricula at Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering was as follows:
- Students who would enter the 3rd semester were given the option to choose the field of study to be taken. If they chose marine transportation, then for the 3rd – 8th semester would be applicable Marine Transportation curriculum.
- While for those who chose another field of study, would select the field of study by the time they went into 7th
Thus, the students of class of 2003 became the first Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering students who had the right to officially choose Marine Transportation as their area of expertise. In 2007, the study program of marine transportation under the Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering had resulted graduates who had special competences in the field of marine transportation.
Marine Transportation officially became Department
Since having graduates with a special competence in marine transportation in 2007, then Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering proposed the establishment of Department of Marine Transportation in 2010. This effort was finally realized after going through a series of administrative and presentation processes to various parties. On March 24th, 2011 based on the Decision Letter of General Director of Higher Education No: 55/E/O/2011, Marine Transportation was officially declared as Department of Marine Transportation, which was Undergraduate Program. In an academic year of 2011/2012, the Department of Marine Transportation has been entitled to receive new students through a selection process according to the applicable regulations.
On June 24th, 2011, the 4th department as well as the youngest department in the Faculty of Marine Technology held a ceremonial inauguration. The inauguration of the Marine Transportation Department was conducted by the Director General of Marine Transportation of Ministry of Transportation together with the Rector of Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember. The inauguration ceremony was attended by stakeholders with regard to marine transportation sector from government agencies such as port authority and transportation agencies, as well as by both state-owned and private industries such as shipping, port, harbour master and others.
In 2011, the number of students received as the first class student of Marine Transportation Department was 37 students. The Main Registration Number (NRP) of students was 44-11-100-0XX where the first digit presented the Faculty number (FTK), the second digit was the number of department sequences in FTK (marine transportation acquired as number 4), the third and fourth digits shown the student’s entry year in this department, the rest digits depicted the serial number of student.
Grant from Nuffic
One year after being officially established as a department, the Maritime Transportation Department successfully obtained grant from the Dutch Government (Nuffic) through the Netherlands Initiative for Capacity Development in Higher Education (NICHE) program, Number: CF8701 entitled “Capacity Building in Transport and Marine Logistics and Research at ITS”.
This grant program lasted for four years starting from October 2012 to October 2016 with total funds reaching € 1,500.000, -. This grant program was a consortium of several leading higher education and industry institutions in the Netherlands: STC BV (as chair of the consortium), Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), University of Applied Science Rotterdam (RUAS) and Panteia. There were 10 programs as outputs in this capacity building program:
|Vision, Strategy and Roadmap||Income Generating Unit|
|Professional Network||Organizational Structure|
|Study Programmes||Learning Organization|
|Research Programme||Leadership and Governance|
|Library and Laboratory||Teaching and Research Capacity|
Development of New Curriculum
When Department of Marine Transportation was officially independent, the curriculum applied was a curriculum developed jointly with Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering while marine transportation was still a field of study in that department. At that time, the applicable curriculum was the curriculum of 2009-2014.
In 2014, the Department of Marine Transportation for the first time developed independently a new curriculum for the period of 2014-2019. The new curriculum was structured according to the Indonesian National Qualification Framework (KKNI) and National Standards of Higher Education (SNPT). The preparation of new curriculum was began by formulating Graduates Learning Outcomes (CPL) of study program, which represented competencies that would be owned by graduates.
The series of curriculum evaluation processes coincided with one of the agendas in the Nuffic’s grant program. Therefore, the process of improving the curriculum in this departement was carried out by involving several universities incorporated among the Nuffic’s consortium (Erasmus Rotterdam University, TU Delft and Rotterdam University of Applied Science) as a benchmark in the drafting of the new curriculum at Department of Marine Transportation. In addition, the evaluation of the new curriculum also involved alumni (alumni of Department of Naval Architecture and Ship Building Engineering majoring in marine transportation expertise), the marine transportation industries and government agencies to accommodate their inputs so that graduates of Department of Marine Transportation can meet the users’ needs.
ITS officially became State University with Legal Entity (PTNBH)
ITS (Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember) officially became State University with Legal Entity (PTNBH) as per October 17th, 2014 based on Government Regulation No. 83 year of 2014. By having a status as PTNBH, ITS has a new mandate that must be able to manage autonomously in academic activities, operational norms and policies as well as the implementation of organization, finance, student affair, manpower, facility and infrastructure. In order to fully apply PTNBH, ITS implements a transitional period for approximately two years (2015 – 2016).
In line with the transformation process of ITS became State University with Legal Entity brought many impacts, one of those is the restructuring of faculty and department in ITS environment. Related to the new Administration Procedure of Organization (OTK), ITS issued Decree of Rector of ITS Number 300 / IT2 / HK.00.01 / 2017 dated January 23, 2017 about changing the name of Department of Marine Transportation became Department of Marine Transportation Engineering.